The Centre for Science and Security studies is a multi-disciplinary research group which brings together scientific experts with specialists in politics, international relations and history. In addition to academic staff, CSSS involves Masters and Postgraduate research students, as well as visiting fellows and associates drawn from the academic, government and business sectors. Members of the Centre conduct scholarly and policy-relevant research on weapons proliferation, non-proliferation, verification and disarmament, space security and mass effect terrorism including the CBRN (chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear) dimension. The Centre organizes conferences and runs a regular seminar series where internal and external speakers address issues related to science and security. A significant emphasis is also placed on engaging on these issues with security practitioners in governments and international organizations, and the wider dissemination of research findings through engagement with the media. The Centre runs an MA in Science and Security and an MA in Non-Proliferation and International Security.
King's College London - Centre for Science and Security Studies - CSSS
Department of War Studies
Strand Bridge House
King's College London
London WC2R 2LS
Tel: +44(0)20 7848 2892
Wyn Bowen - Co-Director
Wyn Bowen is Head of Department/Dean of Academic Studies, Defence Studies Department (DSD), King’s College London, located at the Joint Services Command and Staff College, Defence Academy of the UK. He is also Co-Director of the Centre for Science & Security Studies (CSSS) at King’s. Prior to April 2014 he had been Professor of Non-Proliferation and International Security in the Department of War Studies and Director of CSSS since September 2007. Previous posts include: Professor of International Security, DSD (2005-2007), Senior Lecturer, DSD (2002-2005) and Lecturer, DSD (1997-2002). Prior to joining King’s, he was a Senior Research Associate in the Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Monterey Institute of International Studies, California (1995-1997). In 1994 he spent five months as a Center Associate of the Matthew B. Ridgway Center for International Studies, Graduate School of Public and International Affairs, University of Pittsburgh.
He received his PhD (1997) and MA (1992) from the University of Birmingham, and his BA (Hons) from the University of Hull (1991).
Robert J Downes - Fellow
Dr Robert J Downes is MacArthur Fellow in Nuclear Security at the Centre for Science and Security Studies, King's College London, where he divides his time between teaching, training, research, and external engagement. Rob's research focuses on various aspects of nuclear security including risk quantification and detection and response to nuclear and radiological material out of regulatory control.
Trained as a mathematician, Rob holds a PhD in Mathematics and an MSci in Mathematics with Theoretical Physics, both awarded by UCL.
Formerly, as a Postdoctoral Research Associate at The Bartlett Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis, Rob studied the structure and dynamics of global socio-economic systems using ideas from complexity science. He has also worked as a policy adviser at the UK Government Office for Science and the UK Department for Business, Innovation and Skills and at the House of Lords.
Hassan Elbahtimy - postdoctoral researcher
Hassan Elbahtimy is a postdoctoral researcher at the Centre for Science and Security Studies (CSSS). Hassan was awarded a PhD from the War Studies Department in 2013 for a thesis that addressed the historical origins of Egypt’s nuclear policy 1955-1968.
Before joining CSSS, Hassan worked as a senior researcher at VERTIC where his research focused on nuclear verification particularly IAEA safeguards and nuclear disarmament. Hassan was a teaching assistant at the War Studies department in 2009/2010 and before that worked in the Multilateral Department in the Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Dina Esfandiary - Mac Arthur Fellow
Dina Esfandiary is a MacArthur Fellow at the Centre for Science and Security Studies at King’s College London. Prior to this, she was a Research Associate in the Non-Proliferation and Disarmament programme of the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) in London from October 2009. Her research focuses on security, relations between states and non-proliferation in the Middle East, including Iran and Syria’s WMD programmes. Dina has published widely, including in the Atlantic, theNational Interest, Arms Control Today, the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists, Al Monitor, Survival (the IISS’ journal), International Affairs, Le Temps, and the Australian. Dina holds Masters Degrees from Kings College London and the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva.
Nick Gillard - Researcher Project Alpha
Nick Gillard is a researcher and analyst at Project Alpha, a King’s College London initiative that works to understand and counter illicit, proliferation-related trade through research and engagement with industry, international organisations and civil society. From 2008 until 2014, Nick worked in the Australian Government’s Department of Defence on counter-proliferation, export control, illicit trade and other national security issues. Nick’s last position in the Department of Defence was Assistant Director for Nuclear Programmes, where he led a team of analysts focussing on nuclear and WMD issues in the Middle East. Nick has presented training on analytical techniques to the International Atomic Energy Agency, UK Cabinet Office, and senior international defence staff. He has Bachelor’s degrees in Law and History as well as a Master’s degree in History from the University of Melbourne.
Christopher Hobbs - Co-Director
Dr Christopher Hobbs is Co-Director of the Centre for Science and Security Studies (CSSS) and a Senior Lecturer in Science and Security within the Department of War Studies at King's College London. A physicist by background he works on nuclear security, non-proliferation and intelligence issues. His current research interests include insider threat mitigation, maritime security and applied security culture. He is project lead for GTRP’s Nuclear Security Culture Programme, carried out in partnership with Imperial College London, the University of Central Lancashire and the National Nuclear Laboratory (NNL). He has also served as a subject matter expert on multiple IAEA training courses in the area of insider threats and protective measures. He is a former Chair of the International Nuclear Security Education Network (INSEN).
Nuclear security and non-proliferation
Open Source Intelligence (OSINT)
WMD knowledge proliferation
Science and technology of nuclear weapons
Luca Lentini - Project coordinator and research associate
Luca Lentini is a Project Coordinator and Research Associate in the Centre for Science and Security Studies (CSSS) at King’s College London. He has recently coordinated and run several international professional development courses on nuclear security in India, Indonesia, Morocco and South Africa. He also worked as consultant to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Prior to joining the centre, he worked within the WMD, Conventional Weapons and Space Division at the European External Action Service (EEAS) in Brussels where he coordinated the production of the Six-monthly Progress Report on the Implementation of the EU Strategy against the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction (2014/II). Prior to that he has worked as consultant and Data Quality Specialist for IHS Jane’s and as Analyst for Renaissance Strategic Advisors. Luca Lentini holds an MA in Non-Proliferation and International Security from King’s College London, an MA in International Relations (cum laude) and a BA in Political Sciences and International Relations from Sapienza University of Rome.
Jessica Marcos - Administrator
Jessica Marcos joined King's College London in February 2013 as an Administrator for the Centre for Science and Security Studies (CSSS) and the Centre for Defence Studiies (CDS) in the Department of War Studies. Jessica's background is in Translation Studies with Spanish, which she studied at the University of Westminster. Jessica also has qualifications in Project Management (Prince 2) and Secretarial Management (Pitman Training) and prior to working at King's, worked as a freelance translator and PA. Jessica started her new role as CSSS Operations Co-Ordinator in January 2016 and is responsible for: developing administrative processes and procedures within CSSS; coordinate researchers, short term staff and interns; organising and implement the Centre’s programme of professional development courses, as well as high-profile international conferences, workshops, roundtables and panel discussions on topics relevant to CSSS; developing and operationalizing effective systems to support the Centre’s financial sustainability; oversee and report on financial activity within CSSS; liaising with CSSS directors, the head of department of war studies, CSSS advisory board members and CSSS current and potential partners/funders worldwide on the Centre's current and future projects; overseeing the preparation of CSSS publications, press releases and other web-based materials, including general maintenance of the website and member list; managing and building successful relationships with supporters and sponsors to raise funds; attending and, as appropriate, contribute to the visibility of the research centre at internal academic meetings and external professional conferences; participating in drafting other materials relevant to CSSS events and conferences.
Susan Martin - Lecturer
Susan Martin joined the department in 2003 as lecturer and received her BA in Political Science from Yale University and her MA and PhD in Political Science from the University of California, Berkeley. She was a Post-Doctoral Fellow at the Christopher H. Browne Center for the Study of International Politics at the University of Pennsylvania, and has taught at Wesleyan University, the University of Pennsylvania and Florida Atlantic University.
Her research focuses on the continuing relevance of structural realism, including balance of power theory (and whether states balance in the economic realm) as well as the ability of structural realism to contribute to an explanation of the role of chemical, biological and nuclear weapons in international politics. Other projects include an analysis of chemical weapons use in Syria as well a gender analysis of nuclear weapons and deterrence.
Structural realism and international relations theory more broadly
Chemical, biological and nuclear weapons in international politics—including causes of proliferation and use as well as strategies to deter proliferation and use
Gender and security strategies, including nuclear deterrence
Jack McDonald - Research associate
Jack McDonald is a research associate and teaching fellow with the Centre for Science and Security Studies, part of the Department of War Studies, King’s College London. He currently convenes the MA in Science and Security. In broad terms, his research covers the law and ethics of war, with a specific focus on novel technology. His book on the concept of transnational war and targeted killings, Enemies Unknown and Known: Targeted Killings in America’s Transnational War, will be published next year ( 2017) by Hurst & Co. His current research focuses upon the role of automatic and autonomous systems in decisions to use lethal force, proposed regulation mechanisms, and the philosophy of chance and responsibility. This forms part of a wider research project on power and political violence in digital societies. As part of this project, he is studying the role of digital technologies in the proliferation of weapons and weapons systems, with a particular focus on biotechnology and additive manufacturing processes.
Matthew Moran - Deputy Director
Matthew Moran is a Senior Lecturer in International Security, and Deputy Director (Research Development) of the Centre for Science & Security Studies (CSSS) in the Department of War Studies. He joined King's College London in 2009 to work on issues relating to nuclear non-proliferation in South-East Asia and North Africa. He then held a MacArthur funded post-doctoral fellowship within CSSS. His current research interests include proliferation behaviour in the Middle East, nuclear security education and open source intelligence.
He studied for a BA (Hons) and MA at the National University of Ireland, Galway and he holds a PhD from University College London. His early research explored the nature and causes of the riots that occurred in French suburbs in 2005 and 2007. The research was based on qualitative field-work carried out in Paris and examined issues relating to identity as well as the links between national
projections of unity and localized realities of disunity. Rioting in the French banlieues is a theme to which he has recently returned.
In 2014 he was awarded an honorary lectureship at the University of Witwatersrand in South Africa. He is also an Associate Fellow of the Higher Education Academy.
Daniel Salisbury - Research Associate
Daniel Salisbury is a Research Associate in the Centre for Science and Security Studies (CSSS) within the Department of War Studies. He currently works in the areas of nuclear security, nuclear history and non-proliferation. Prior to this, Daniel worked as a Researcher on Project Alpha at KCL, and as a Research Assistant on the Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Programme at the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) in London. He has also worked as a Research Intern at the IISS, at the Arms Control Association and within the British political system. He is currently finishing his PhD which focuses on UK nuclear debates in the 1970s and 1980s. He holds an MA in Science and Security and a First Class BA (Hons) in War Studies from King’s.
Sanctions and export controls
U.K. nuclear history
Paul Schulte - Senior Research Fellow
Paul Schulte is a Non-Resident Senior Associate of the Nuclear Policy Programme of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and Senior Visiting Fellow at the Centre for Defence Studies at Kings College London, at the School of African and Oriental Studies, and at the UK Defence Academy. He is (a rigorously secular) Joint Chair of the U.K.'s Council on Christian Approaches to Defence and Disarmament.
Ian Stewart - Senior Researcher
Ian Stewart is a senior researcher in the Department of War Studies and runs Project Alpha, a collection of projects that collectively work to improve controls over the trade in strategic items. He is also the training adviser for the EU outreach program on dual-use goods, which works to build capacity in relation to the implementation of non-proliferation controls in more than 30 countries.
Ian’s area of expertise concerns technical analysis of trade in strategic technologies. In addition to employing general open source intelligence techniques, he has developed numerous web-based and software-based platforms for information gathering. This includes the use of tools intended to capture ‘trade data’ and visualisation tools such as Tableau.
Ian came to King's College London from the British Ministry of Defence, where he was an analyst working on issues related to non-proliferation and illicit trade. Before this, Ian held a variety of roles in the MOD including supporting the UK's nuclear deterrent and undertaking a placement in the British Embassy, Washington DC. Ian was formerly also a Managing the Atom and International Security Program fellow at Harvard's Belfer Centre. He holds masters degrees in Nuclear Science and Technology and Electrical and Electronic Engineering and is studying toward a PhD via the part-time route on the subject of how supply-side controls have affected nuclear proliferators from the 1970s to present day.
Heather Williams - Macarthur Post-Doctoral Fellow
Heather Williams is a MacArthur Post-Doctoral Fellow in the Department of War Studies at King's College London, where her research focuses on arms control and nuclear strategy. Her doctoral dissertation examined the role of trust in US-Russia strategic arms control and is forthcoming as a book. She previously worked as a Research Fellow at Chatham House on the humanitarian impacts of nuclear weapons initiative and NPT issues, and at the Institute for Defense Analyses in Washington, DC on US nuclear weapons policy.
Dominic Williams - Researcher project Alpha
Dominic Williams is a researcher working on Project Alpha, a King’s College London initiative that works to understand and counter illicit, proliferation-related trade through research and engagement with industry, international organisations and civil society. Key focuses of Dominic’s work at Project Alpha include the global manufacturing base for dual-use strategic items and the employment of trade data for the purposes of non-proliferation. He Holds a BA in War Studies and an MA in Non-Proliferation and International Security from King’s College London. Dominic has written for The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists and The Telegraph.