Founded in 2007, Carnegie Europe is the European center of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. From its newly expanded presence in Brussels, Carnegie Europe combines the work of its research platform with the fresh perspectives of Carnegie’s centers in Washington, Moscow, Beijing, and Beirut, bringing a unique global vision to the European policy community. Through publications, articles, seminars, and private consultations, Carnegie Europe aims to foster new thinking on the daunting international challenges shaping Europe’s role in the world.
Shahram chubin - Nonresident Senior Associate
Shahram Chubin is a nonresident senior associate in Carnegie’s Nuclear Policy Program. Based in Geneva, Chubin was director of studies at the Geneva Centre for Security Policy, Switzerland, from 1996 to 2009. A specialist in the security problems of the Middle East region, he has been a consultant to the U.S. Department of Defense, the RAND Corporation, and the United Nations. He has been director of regional security studies at the International Institute for Strategic Studies, a resident fellow at the Wilson Center, and a fellow at the Hudson Institute.
Chubin has taught at various universities including the Graduate School of International Studies in Geneva and the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy. He has lectured at Oxford, Harvard, and Columbia universities as well as military staff colleges. He has published widely in Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, International Security, Washington Quarterly, Survival, Daedalus, the Middle East Journal, the World Today and the Adelphi Paper series.
Pierre Goldschmidt - Nonresident Senior Associate
Pierre Goldschmidt is a nonresident senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment. He is also a member of the Board of Directors for the Association Vinçotte Nuclear (AVN). AVN is a non‐profit organization charged with promoting the protection of people and the environment against nuclear, industrial, and radiological hazards. Goldschmidt was the Deputy Director General, Head of the Department of Safeguards, at the International Atomic Energy Agency from 1999 to June 2005. Before the IAEA, Goldschmidt was, for 12 years, Director General of SYNATOM, the company responsible for the fuel supply and spent fuel management of seven Belgian nuclear plants. For six years Goldschmidt was a member of the Directoire of EURODIF, the large French uranium enrichment company.
Goldschmidt is a member of the European Nuclear Society’s High Scientific Council and has headed numerous European and international committees, including as Chairman of the Uranium Institute in London, of the Organisation des Producteurs d’Energie Nucléaire in Paris, and of the Advisory Committee of the EURATOM Supply Agency. In November 2005 he became Doctor Honoris Causa of the University of Brussels. Among a number of cultural and scientific awards he received the 2008 Joseph A. Burton Forum Award of the American Physical Society.
Mark Hibbs - Senior Associate
Mark Hibbs is a senior associate in Carnegie's Nuclear Policy Program, based in Berlin. Before joining Carnegie, for over 20 years he was an editor and correspondent for nuclear energy publications, including Nucleonics Week and Nuclear Fuel, published by the Platts division of the McGraw‐Hill Companies. Hibbs started at McGraw‐Hill as the European editor, then became editor for Asia‐Pacific, and finally, in addition to his Asia‐Pacific responsibilities, senior correspondent. From the late 1980s until the mid‐1990s, he covered nuclear developments in the Soviet bloc, including research on the USSR’s nuclear fuel cycle facilities and its nuclear materials inventories. Since the mid‐1990s, his work has focused on emerging nuclear programs in Asia, including China, and India.
Throughout the last two decades, many of the over 3,000 articles he wrote investigated nuclear proliferation‐related developments in Argentina, Brazil, China, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Libya, North and South Korea, Pakistan, South Africa, Syria, and Taiwan. Since 2003 he made many detailed findings about clandestine procurement in Europe related to gas centrifuge uranium enrichment programs in Iran, Libya, North Korea, and Pakistan.
Paul Schulte - Nonresident Senior Associate
Paul Schulte is a nonresident senior associate in Carnegie’s Nuclear Policy Program and at Carnegie Europe. Schulte is a senior visiting fellow in the Disarmament and Globalization Program at the University of London’s School of Oriental and African Studies. Additionally he is a senior visiting fellow at both the Centre for Defense Studies at King’s College at the University of London and the Centre for the Study of Global Governance at the London School of Economics and Political Science.
He previously served as chief speechwriter to two UK defense secretaries (2006–2007), as director of proliferation and arms control for the UK Ministry of Defence, and as UK commissioner on the UN commissions for Iraqi disarmament, UNSCOM and UNMOVIC (1997–2002). He also worked in Iraq’s Coalition Provisional Authority as director of defense organization in the Office of National Security Affairs (2004), the office responsible for rebuilding the Iraqi Ministry of Defense, and was founding head of the UK’s Post Conflict Reconstruction Unit (2004–2005) involved in planning the initial integrated British civil‐military campaign in Helmand province in Afghanistan.
Jan Techau - Director
Jan Techau is director of Carnegie Europe, the European centre of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Prior to his appointment, Techau served at the NATO Defense College’s Research Division from February 2010 until March 2011. He was director of the Alfred von Oppenheim Center for European Policy Studies at the German Council on Foreign Relations (DGAP) in Berlin between 2006 and 2010 and from 2001 to 2006 he served at the German Ministry of Defense’s Press and Information Department.
Techau is an associate scholar at the Center for European Policy Analysis (CEPA) and an associate fellow at both the German Council on Foreign Relations and at the American Institute for Contemporary German Studies (AICGS). He is a regular contributor to German and international news media such as the BBC, Deutsche Welle, Bloomberg, Deutschlandradio, and Irish Times.
Sinan Ülgen - Visiting Scholar
Sinan Ülgen is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on the implications of Turkish foreign policy for Europe and the United States. He is founding partner of Istanbul Economics, a Turkish consultancy that specializes in public and regulatory affairs, and chairman of the Center for Economics and Foreign Policy Studies (EDAM), an independent think tank in Istanbul.
Ülgen has served in the Turkish Foreign Service in several capacities: in Ankara at the United Nations desk (1990– 1992); in Brussels at the Turkish Permanent Delegation to the European Union (1992–1996); and at the Turkish Embassy in Tripoli (1996). He is a regular contributor to Turkish dailies and his opinion pieces have been published in the International Herald Tribune, Financial Times, Wall Street Journal, European Voice, and Le Figaro.