// GENERAL //
$enews_issue = "09";
$enews_date = "April/May 2013";
$enews_references = "$enews_date, Issue No. $enews_issue";
in Titles if necessary */ $editorial_body="
The second session of the Preparatory Committee (PrepCom) for the 2015 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) met from 22 April–3 May 2013 in Geneva, and was chaired by Ambassador Cornel Feruta of Romania. Three years on from the adoption by consensus at the end of the 8th NPT Review Conference in New York of an Action Plan on non-proliferation, disarmament, and peaceful uses of nuclear energy – the three pillars of the NPT – as well as the Middle East, this session provided the opportunity both to take stock of the commitments undertaken in 2010 and to prepare the ground for the 2015 meeting.
Represented during the general debate by Mr. Ambassador Jacek Bylica, Principal Adviser and Special Envoy for Non-proliferation and Disarmament at the EEAS, the EU defended its main ambition to reinforce the global nuclear non-proliferation regime. Particularly, the three main objectives of the 2003 Strategy were recalled: “effective multilateralism, prevention and international cooperation”.
Within that overall framework, the positions defended by the EU throughout this second PrepCom indicate a real continuity of the common approach over a significant period, at least since 2005 (see official documents on page 2). Based on a realistic understanding of nuclear non-proliferation, this approach constitutes a positive element of the current NPT review cycle in order to maintain the Treaty as a collective security instrument."; $editorial_signature="Benjamin Hautecouverture
doesn't have closing tag. */ $interview = " Test How would you characterize CESIM (Center for International Security and Arms Control Studies) as a research center in the French strategic community?
CESIM was founded in 1999 and was at the outset the only centre for strategic studies exclusively devoted to weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery, dealing with control regimes, non-proliferation, disarmament and the analysis of crises. In this framework, it maintains a constant relationship with the Directorate for Strategic Affairs at the Ministry of Defense and with the relevant directions at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and also with the Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique (CEA). On the other hand, it also maintains exchanges with international organizations such as IAEA and CTBTO in Vienna.
Moreover, it pursues an active dialog with other French think tanks working in the same domain, and with the Fondation pour la Recherche Stratégique (FRS) in particular. Likewise, it maintains exchanges with certain American and British think tanks.
CESIM researchers also teach in 5th year University Master programs in their field of expertise.
Therefore, CESIM fully keeps its place in the French academic and professional strategic community.
The main challenge in the post September 11 world is twofold. Firstly, preexisting nuclear proliferation issues remain unchanged, inasmuch as risks of nuclear proliferation cascades continue to exist in sensitive regions such as the Middle East or East Asia. For this reason, it is essential to continue to work actively towards the strengthening of the global non-proliferation regime, namely of the NPT and the accompanying multilateral instruments. This historical dimension of arms control fully remains an current priority.
The second challenge deals with threats related to traffics of conventional weapons, if not of WMD components, made easier by increased difficulties to control worldwide sensitive exchanges of material and immaterial goods and know-how. These traffics are likely to facilitate the activities of transnational terrorist networks. International instruments designed to fight these threats are well known (Resolution 1540, PSI), and it is imperative to reinforce their implementation.
The new White Paper on Defense and National Security is obviously in keeping, as far as non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction is concerned, with its 2008 predecessor. It observes that existing risks and threats, both military and non-military, have at the same time been reinforced and diversified, and are likely to affect all components of our Nation’s life. But the need to fight the proliferation of weapon of mass destruction and their means of delivery remains unchanged and the French policy in this domain keeps the same line, namely to support all the international instruments established to fight nuclear and ballistic proliferation, whether they are legally binding or of a political nature. This also goes for the implementation and verification of the ban of biological and chemical weapons.
And France naturally continues to participate actively to the implementation of the European non-proliferation policy.
Interview conducted by ".$signature; ?>