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The EU and Nuclear Security (November 2013)
Photo: NSS 2012, Council of the EU/Choi Hang Young
Overview of the latest EU official documents, publications of the Consortium, and publications from the network regarding the EU and nuclear security.
According to the 2003 definition of the IAEA, nuclear security is “the prevention and detection of, and response to, theft, sabotage, unauthorized access, illegal transfer or other malicious acts involving nuclear material, other radioactive substances or their associated facilities”. The Nuclear Security Summits (NSS), initiated by the United States in 2010, are the main events during which nuclear security is discussed multilaterally. Their objective is the strengthening of global nuclear security and the reinforcement of the international nuclear non-proliferation regime, in response to the threat posed by nuclear terrorism. The EU is a leading actor on the international stage regarding the security of nuclear materials and facilities. Three years after the first Nuclear Security Summit, the position of the EU was confirmed by the Minister of Energy of Lithuania, speaking at the IAEA International Conference on Nuclear Security on behalf of the EU High Representative Catherine Ashton (July 2013):
“Nuclear terrorism, as the risk of non-state actors getting access to nuclear materials or radioactive sources, represents a most serious threat to international security. Therefore, national and international nuclear security measures must be in place in order to secure nuclear material and prevent illicit nuclear trafficking and nuclear terrorism. For these reasons, we need to establish a global nuclear security framework as quickly as possible. […] The EU, with its large multinational nuclear industry, has a particular interest in ensuring that the peaceful use of nuclear energy is in accordance with the highest possible standards of nuclear safety, security and non-proliferation, within the EU and worldwide. Nuclear security is a longstanding EU priority”.
Statement on behalf of the EU High Representative Catherine Ashton,
delivered by the Minister of Energy of Lithuania,
International Conference on Nuclear Security: Enhancing Global Efforts,
Vienna, 1st July 2013.
EU main policies and instruments regarding nuclear security:
EU support to the IAEA:
EU-IAEA Joint Action
Key EU Statements and Documents
- Statement on Behalf of EU High Representative Catherine Ashton Delivered by the Minister of Energy of Lithuania, International Conference on Nuclear Security: Enhancing Global Efforts, IAEA, Vienna, July 01, 2013.
- EU Statement General Assembly - High Level Meeting on Countering Nuclear Terrorism, UN, New York, September 28, 2012.
- Statement Delivered on Behalf of the Euratom Community, 56th Conference General of the IAEA, Vienna, September 17, 2012.
- EU Statement on the occasion of the 56th General Conference of the IAEA, Vienna, September 17, 2012.
- Statement on Behalf of the European Union by Ioannis Vrailas, Deputy Head of the Delegation of the European Union to the United Nations, at the United Nations Conference on Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) Risks Mitigation, New-York, June 22, 2012.
- Report of the Ad Hoc Group on Nuclear Security, 6 June 2012, Brussels.
- Final Report of the Ad Hoc Group on Nuclear Security (10616/12), May 31, 2012.
- Remarks by the President of the European Council Herman Van Rompuy at the 2012 Seoul Nuclear Security Summit, March 26, 2012.
- Regulation No 1232/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 November 2011 amending Council Regulation (EC) No 428/2009 setting up a Community regime for the control of exports, transfer, brokering and transit of dual-use items, November 16, 2011.
- EU Statement at the Nuclear Security Summit in Washington, Herman Van Rompuy, April 12, 2010.
Publication of the Consortium:
- The European Union's Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Centers of Excellence Initiative, Alicia Mignone, NP paper No.28, June 2013, 12p.
- The Role of the European Union in Delivering Resolution 1540 Implementation Assistance, Lina Grip, NP papers, N°22, October 2012, 18p.
- The revised Nuclear Suppliers Group guidelines: a European Union perspective, Andrea Viski, NP paper No. 15, May 2012, 14p.
- The European Union, the IAEA and WMD Non-Proliferation: Unity of Approach and Continuity of Action, Lars-Erik Lundin, NP papaers No. 9, February 2012, 16p.
Latest Publications from the Network:
- The EU, the IAEA and Nuclear Security, Benjamin Hautecouverture, CESIM, The Non-Proliferation Monthly, Issue 82, July 2013, p.3.
- The Importance of Securing Industrial Control Systems of Critical Infrastructures, Sandro Bologna, Alessandro Fasani, Maurizio Martellini, April 2013, 20p.
- Nuclear Forensics: American Ambitions for European Projects, Benjamin Hautecouverture, CESIM, ONP n°77, March 2013.
- Nuclear Security in Europe, CESIM, The Non-Proliferation Monthly, Issue 73, December 2012, p.3.
- The challenges facing the European Union Centres of Excellence, Bruno Dupré, The Non-Proliferation Monthly, October 2012.
- Le Sommet sur la sécurité nucléaire à la croisée des chemins : Entre doutes et ambitions, Sylvain Fanielle, GRIP, August 12, 2012 (in French).
- Central European Approaches to the Protection of Civil Nuclear Programs, Kacper Rekawek, July 2012, PISM Policy Paper No.33, 9p.
- Nuclear Security and Safeguards: A Regime Out of Balance, Acronym Institute, 9 may 2012.
- Decline or Transform: Nuclear Disarmament and Security beyond the NPT Review Process, Dr Rebecca Johnson, Tim Caughley, John Borrie, April 2012, 58p.
- Multilateral Cooperation and the Prevention of Nuclear Terrorism: Pragmatism Over Idealism, Bowen, Wyn Q., Matthew Cottee and Chris Hobbs, International Affairs, Vol.88, No.2, 2012, pp.349-368.
- EU Continues an Effort of Effective CBRN Risk Mitigation, Raimonds Rublovskis, LIIA, 2012.
- Security of Sensitive Nuclear Information, Wilton Park Conference, Conference report for WP1128, 9p., September 2011.
- Critical Infrastructure Protection at the European Level, Bart Smedts, Studia Diplomatica, LXIV, 2011, 8p.
- Unrecognized and Unwelcome? The Role of the EU in Preventing the Proliferation of CBRN Weapons, Materials and Knowledge, Kamil Zwolski, Perspectives on European Politics and Society Volume 12, Issue 4, 2011 (paid access).
- Nuclear Transparency and Registers of Nuclear Weapons and Fissile Materials, Harald Müller and Annette Schaper, PRIF Report No. 97, Frankfurt/M., 2010.
- The International Framework for Control of Brokering in Military and Dual-use Items, Kathleen Van Heuverswyn, Flemish Peace Institute Report, March 2010, 167 p.
- A Possible International Regime to Cover Radiological Materials, Benjamin Hautecouverture, CESIM Research Paper, ICNND, October 2009.
- Enforcing European Union Law on Exports of Dual-use Goods, Anna Wetter, SIPRI Research Report no. 24, 2009, 192p.